Microscopic image analysis is an important process in biomedical research and clinical medicine as well as in many other fields that use microscopy. Digital image analysis greatly enriches the process of extracting information about a microscope image and is an integral component of microscopy.
A typical microscope imaging system usually follows a standard process. After identifying an object of interest, an image must be acquired in order to examine it further. In achieving this, particular portions of the object are resolved and defined. In the past, images were photographed or studied directly at the microscope, now high-technology image-analysis systems are available that capture images electronically and allow for image enhancement, manipulation, and computer analysis. Part of the computer analysis involves mining quantitative information about the specimen which can transform an image to become much more informative than the original one. This can then be used for better analysis in clinical diagnostic procedures which helps practitioners to solve critical cases.
Below you can see what this process looks like for scientists working in the field.